For example, a sign that requires bending the elbow might be produced by using the shoulder instead. Kamil and Hiebert reason that extensive reading gives students repeated or multiple exposures to words and is also one of the means by which students see vocabulary in rich contexts.
Because written language is much more diverse than spoken language, print vocabulary begins to expand beyond oral vocabulary. Contextual analysis involves inferring the meaning of an unfamiliar word by scrutinizing the text surrounding it.
Word-learning strategies include dictionary use, morphemic analysis, and contextual analysis. While preschoolers lack precise timing and rely on obvious speaker cues, older children are more precise in their timing and take fewer long pauses.
It is believed that most children add about 10 to 20 new words a week. In other words, it is important that vocabulary instruction provide students with opportunities to encounter words repeatedly and in more than one context.
Educational children's television can also be a wonderful way to increase many reading skills, including vocabulary and comprehension.