Temple of athena paestum analysis
There was also a new Christian church built in Paestum in the 5th century, which still stands today.
Unlike the other temples, the dedication of this one is certain, thanks to inscriptions to Hera on the temple. Tombs of this period were built in the southern ambulatory.
The Doric columns also employ entasis, although not as pronounced as the entasis of the columns of the Temple of Hera I. The two interior columns were of the new Ionic style which was just coming into fashion around BC with two scrolls on either side at the top of the column. Unlike the other temples, the dedication of this one is certain, thanks to inscriptions to Hera on the temple. Paestum is home to three magnificent Doric temples, which are thought to be dedicated to the city's namesake Poseidon known to the Romans as Neptune , Hera and Ceres. Built in c. It has a simpler structural design as compared to the Temples of Hera the Basilica and the Temple of Neptune. Inside the colonnade, however, the temple departs from this regularity: the naos is approached at the east end by a deep pronaos with eight Ionic columns four at the facade, two at the flanks, and a further two engaged to the antae walls. The cella building has neither an adyton nor opisthodomos and it is lined up with both the second and fifth frontal columns in the exterior. Such deposits from the Roman Period were also found at the site indicating the progression of the religious faction. This is one of the capitals preserved in the museum. During the 6th-7th centuries AD, this temple was converted into a church that was dedicated to the Virgin Mary.
An unusual feature s the combination of materials in the frieze, along with the absence of a horizontal cornice. Undisturbed votive deposits found at the south of the temple contain figurines of Athena in two aspects - as a nurturing goddess with child kourotrophosand as an armed warrior Promachos.
Still, in c. Up until now in history buildings have either been doric or Ionic, but the Temple of Athena combines the two. Votive deposits were found at the temple containing figurines of Athena as Promachos an armed warrior and Kourotrophos a goddess with kids. Evidence that the Athena cult continued into the Roman period comes from findings of terra-cotta fragments with the waiting Minerva shown on them.
This was always a time of rejoicing, for after the sacrifice took place the animals were roasted, and the gods had enjoyed the smell of the roasting and had received a token offering of the meat, the meat was then cut up and distributed among the worshipers, who had a jolly good feast.
Temple of hera paestum
As for the construction of the building not much is known other then built of cut stone and had originally a stucco finish. The absence of a horizontal cornice, and the presence of carved coffers under the eaves created by the extension of the raking cornice are also eccentric. Built in c. The middle of the site consists of the Roman forum, with extensive foundations of various public and private buildings. They are in fact slightly cigar shaped. For the first time in Italy, Ionic columns are incorporated in a Doric temple. Other Notes: The temple contains a number of unusual and innovative features in its design. Such deposits from the Roman Period were also found at the site indicating the progression of the religious faction.
Greek temples differ from Christian churches in that whereas in a church the ceremonies are all enclosed and took place within the church, the Greek temple was essentially a store house where the statues of the gods were preserved to be brought outside for ceremonies.
The Lucanians renamed it to Paistos and the Romans gave the city its current name. Such deposits from the Roman Period were also found at the site indicating the progression of the religious faction.
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