Representative government synonym
Cameron, along with the majority of the political elite across all party lines, assumed that the British electorate would vote decisively to remain in the EU. By fixing a figure on permissible ratio, a state could inhibit the gerrymander. The state constitution provides that both houses be based on population. This is known as the iron law of oligarchy. It might give the growing number of Democrats who favor abolishing the superdelegate system pause to know that the Democratic Party could also find itself with a similarly unsavory candidate. There is a certain irony in the fact that, at least for the time being, the Democratic party is currently more republican than the Republican party with its populist presidential candidate, Donald Trump. These are the favored means by which popular causes that stand on dubious economic, moral, or scientific grounds can be passed. The National Municipal League is working on its model clause for state constitutions. Your representative owes you, not his industry only, but his judgment; and he betrays, instead of serving you, if he sacrifices it to your opinion. In many states, it is the legislature that must call the convention. Most people do not have the time or ability to thoroughly vet a proposal before voting on it, and thus are often not fully aware of the consequences of a particular decision. Hannah, chairman of the Michigan Convention and head of the state university, noted that to allow legislatures to apportion themselves is like allowing students to grade their own papers. Constitution , the tide was turning toward representational independence. The Michigan Case While the Georgia formula is based on federal analogy Congress and Electoral College , the state of Michigan decided to improvise an original recipe by mixing four parts of people with one part of land and water to cook up the Senate seats.
Thomas Jefferson reflected this in the Declaration of Independencewriting that governments, rather than laws, derived their "just powers from the consent of the governed.
Representatives to the federal government were elected by state legislatures and not by the people directly.
Essentially what it has always been: to save us from ourselves. California has 40 electoral votes for a population of about 15, one elector for everypeople. Just what action the state Supreme Court is to take, no one quite knows.
These local communities are independent, which includes financial independence, and they are free to determine their own rules. Bicameral or Bimoral? New formulas will undoubtedly be forthcoming.
Representative government def
First, even if all the people could meet in one place, people had other things to do; representative government allowed division of labor. In political folklore, counties are compared with states. In Mississippi, State Chancellor W. Let the counties have their voice; but let each voice be no louder than the number of people for whom it speaks! In America, the acceptance of representative government as a legitimate democratic form has long-standing roots. The second step would be to place enforcement in the hands of an apportioning agency, other than the legislature. Constitution , the tide was turning toward representational independence. How answerable a representative should be to his electors is an issue that has long been debated. This formula comes from the need for a balanced political diet in the Michigan GOP.
He was referring to the inappropriateness of having representatives who did not hail from North America, and who therefore did not share the common interests of the people they were supposed to represent. Pitkin, Hanna Fenichel. A drawback to this type of government is that elected officials are not required to fulfill promises made before their election and are able to promote their own self-interests once elected, providing an incohesive system of governance.
July 2—or the court would appoint a master to do the job.
Characteristics of representative democracy
Absent this coordination representatives would be more likely to pursue the common good, even if it went against some subgroup within their constituency. This would make every elector in the state equal in representation to every other elector regardless of the size or location of his district or the imperfections of the district apportionment. Nowhere has this tension been more evident than in the case of the courts and the federal bureaucracy. It was simply impossible for such a large community to meet beneath one tree. The second step would be to place enforcement in the hands of an apportioning agency, other than the legislature. How answerable a representative should be to his electors is an issue that has long been debated. Some might argue that direct democracy is having its day, and the age of representative government has already reached its peak. By using fixed county lines, this system would eliminate the bothersome problem of creating districts that are compact and contiguous, since these counties generally are. Thomas Jefferson reflected this in the Declaration of Independence , writing that governments, rather than laws, derived their "just powers from the consent of the governed. Thomas Jefferson was clearly not a proponent of direct democracy. James Madison and Alexander Hamilton devoted two articles of the Federalist Papers to the topic articles 9 and Men were not angels, Madison argued, but institutions might encourage them to act as if they were in order to be elected, and that would be an improvement. The Dutch had emerged from their long struggle against Spain clinging triumphantly… The rationale of representative government is that in large modern countries the people cannot all assemble, as they did in the marketplace of democratic Athens or Rome; and if, therefore, the people are to participate in government, they must select and elect a small number from among themselves to represent and to act for them.
Once representative government was established, the debate about representation, who should be granted the right to vote and how districts should be defined, became highly contentious. The state legislatures are not objective instruments for this mission. The state of Alabama provides an interesting case study.
based on 20 review