Penelope simultaneously distances herself from the suitors, delaying them while she waits for her husband to return home. This shows Odysseus' concern for Kalypso finally letting him go. Athena, the goddess of wisdom, is the most prominent example of the role; in the very beginning of the story she is seen making a plea for Odysseus' return home, and throughout the first half of the book she assists him in his journey If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur.
Penelope, Clytaemestra, Athena, and Helen are all women with exceptional liberty and power. Uncertain whether he is true, she tries him by ordering to her maid to make up a bed for him and move it back to the bedchamber Odysseus had built with his own hands, therefore stating that she had moved their pact and pledge, even though it was mortally impossible There always seems to be a push, and pull, a give and take going on between them—yet, not always a coordinated, positive kind.
Part of the decision would be the immortality issue. The Greeks referred to this ideal female as a sophron woman. Penelope's love and devotion towards Odysseus is proven when she waits nineteen years for her husband to return from the wine dark sea, rather than losing faith and marrying another man Depending on her decisions, the situations could either be filled with wonderful opportunities or perilous dangers We first learn of many of these traits in Homer's Iliad.
Women appear throughout the story, as goddesses, wives, princesses, or servants.
Women were held at a very low status compared to men Political rights and citizenship in Greek society truly defined the roles of women in this time period.