Key terms for civil rights
Kennedy voiced support for racial integration and civil rights; on numerous occasions, he committed federal troops to quell racial tension. On May 10, the parties announced an agreement to desegregate the lunch counters and other public accommodations downtown; to create a committee to eliminate discriminatory hiring practices; to arrange for the release of jailed protesters; and to establish regular means of communication between black and white leaders.
Civil rights act of 1964
She was known to the volunteers of Freedom Summer — most of whom were young, white, and from northern states — as a motherly figure who believed that the civil rights effort should be multi-racial in nature. Hundreds were arrested during sit-ins and marches opposing segregation—so many that the jails were filled and the overflow prisoners had to be held in outdoor stockades. That was the only time the two ever met. Montgomery Bus Boycott: A legal and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the Montgomery, Alabama public transit system. Augustine helped build public support for the Civil Rights Act of being debated in Congress. When he returned he caucused with Ralph Abernathy and Rev. Liuzzo participated as a white ally in the successful Selma to Montgomery marches and helped with coordination and logistics. Augustine in the north. This reluctance to advance and continue to protect the Freedom Rides alienated many of the Civil Rights leaders at the time who perceived him as intolerant and narrow-minded. In some cases they used physical violence, intimidation, and assassination directly against individuals. Byrd, Sr. The Black Power movement was given a stage on live, international television on October of Interestingly, the incorporation of the word gender into the law helped the feminist movement gain momentum in the late s.
They would successfully attend after the intervention of President Dwight Eisenhower. The panel consisted of three judges and ruled 2—1 on June 5,that bus segregation was unconstitutional under the Fourteenth Amendment protections for equal treatment.
Civil rights terms vocabulary
Blacks went on to protest these laws effectively with boycotts and sit-ins during the civil rights movement. Despite the programs of the Great Society, essentials such as good healthcare, job opportunities, and safe housing were abysmally lacking in urban African-American neighborhoods in cities throughout the country, including in the North and West, where discrimination was less overt but just as crippling. On March 2, , Colvin was handcuffed, arrested, and forcibly removed from a public bus when she refused to give up her seat to a white person. During the March Against Fear in , the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and Congress of Racial Equality fully embraced the slogan of Black Power to describe these trends toward militancy and self-reliance. Virginia, McLaurin v. Martin Luther King Jr. Black Power Black Power emphasized racial pride, the creation of political and social institutions against oppression, and advancement of black collective interests.
During Freedom Rides, activists traveled through the Deep South to integrate seating patterns and desegregate bus terminals, including restrooms and water fountains, which proved to be a dangerous mission.
Key Terms Voting Rights Act of Landmark legislation in the United States that outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the U.
Eisenhower, though not a supporter of the civil rights movement, placed the National Guard under federal authority and sent 1, army troops to escort the students to class and uphold U. Separate elementary schools were operated by the Topeka Board of Education under an Kansas law, which permitted, but did not require.
Civil rights timeline
Civil Rights Act of - A law that outlawed discrimination based on race, religion, gender, and national background. Birmingham Campaign - A number of non-violent protests against segregation held in in Birmingham, Alabama. She was 39 years old. Height encouraged President Dwight D. Black Americans in Birmingham, organizing with the SCLC, occupied public spaces with marches and sit-ins, openly violating unjust laws. Exposing State Violence Other gatherings of civil rights activists ended tragically, and some demonstrations were intended to reveal the all-too-often hostile response from whites and the inhumanity of the Jim Crow laws and their supporters. Augustine Protests When civil rights activists protesting segregation in St. The Warren Court expanded civil rights, civil liberties, judicial power, and federal power in dramatic ways. On February 27, the Nashville student activists held a fourth sit-in at the Woolworths, McClellan, and Walgreens stores. It suspended poll taxes, literacy tests, and other subjective voter registration tests.
The Role of Religion in the Civil Rights Movement In the Civil Rights Movement, religious leaders, thousands of black churches, and anonymous members, as well as religious rhetoric, played major roles. Just 1 year prior, the same Congress had passed the Equal Pay Act ofwhich prohibited wage differentials based on sex.
based on 113 review