A discussion on the theories of human development

5 major theories of human development

Her colleague Mary Main later identified a fourth type, called disorganized attachment. His theory of four stages of cognitive development, first presented in the midth century, is one of the most famous and widely-accepted theories in child cognitive development to this day.

Parenting Parenting variables alone have typically accounted for 20 to 50 percent of the variance in child outcomes. Is justice the only aspect of moral reasoning we should consider?

A discussion on the theories of human development

The relevance of cultural context in the cognitive domain has also been dealt with by researchers. Backed by empirical data from several sources they document serious inequities in adolescent experiences by region, gender, caste and social class.

Importance of human development theory

Behavioral theories of child development focus on how environmental interaction influences behavior and are based on the theories of theorists such as John B. Unlike Freud's theory of psychosexual stages, Erikson's theory describes the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan. He described intrinsic reinforcement as a form of internal reward, such as pride, satisfaction, and a sense of accomplishment. Erikson's eight-stage theory of psychosocial development describes growth and change throughout life, focusing on social interaction and conflicts that arise during different stages of development. Disorganized attachment generally results from the child being maltreated or neglected in some way. Google Scholar Sharma, N. Kohlberg defined three levels of moral development: preconventional, conventional, and postconventional. Gratification centres of different areas of the body at different stages of growth, making the conflict at each stage psychosexual. Attachment theory describes the dynamics of long-term social relationships between humans. In an interesting study on schooling, Mishra and Dasen found that Sanskrit medium school children used more geocentric language and encoding than their Hindi medium counterparts. Does change occur smoothly over time, or through a series of predetermined steps? The temple stay thus becomes a culturally mediated means of processing psychosocial stress in a socially sanctioned manner. Avoidant: These children avoid contact with the caregiver and show little interest in play. However, Indian children scored higher than American norm for Successive scale; only those Canadian Native children who were poor in reading performed poorly in Successive scale, and among the Japanese, Simultaneous processing was higher. Attachment feeds on body contact and familiarity.

Of these neo-Freudians, Erik Erikson's ideas have become perhaps the best known. This is characterized by low levels of demanding and responsiveness. In contrast Bandura's social learning theory states that aggression is a learnt from the environment through observation and imitation.

John Bowbly proposed one of the earliest theories of social development. Freud used the term 'sexual' in a very general way to mean all pleasurable actions and thoughts.

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Theories of Human Development Prof. Watson